火狐体育手机官网

产业兴旺助力乡村振兴 ——南宁市隆安县、宾阳县乡村产业发展调研报告

JINNIANYILAI,NANNINGSHISHENRUXUEXIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGUANYU“SANNONG”GONGZUODEZHONGYAOLUNSHU,QUANMIANGUANCHELUOSHIZHONGYANG、ZIZHIQUSHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEGEXIANGJUECEBUSHU,DUIBIAOQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIHE“SANNONG”GONGZUOBIXUWANCHENGDEYINGRENWU,SHENRUSHISHI“LIUXIANGXINGDONG”,ZHASHITUIJINNONGYECHANYEHUAGONGZUO,DIAOZHENGYOUHUANONGYECHANYEJIEGOU,CHENGXIANCHUYIXIANGCUNCHANYEWEIZHUDAO、JIAGONGZHIZAOWEIFUZHU、XIUXIANNONGYEWEIBUCHONGDECHANYERONGHEFAZHANXINGEJU。

一、调研情况

(一)调研乡镇的基本情况

BENCIDIAOYANGONGXUANQU6GEXIANGZHENZUOWEIYANGBEN,FENBIEWEIBINYANGXIANDEWULINGZHEN、GULAZHEN、YANGQIAOZHENHELONGANXIANDENANWEIZHEN、YANJIANGZHEN、NEITONGZHEN(DIAOYANXIANGZHENDUIBIQINGKUANGXIANGJIANBIAO1)。

(二)调研干部群众对乡村振兴战略的认知

BENCIDIAOYANGONGSHOUJIZHENGLILE6GEXIANGZHENDE280MINGGANBUQUNZHONGDEDIAOYANWENJUAN。1LEIWENJUANYOUCUNMINTIANXIE,GONGSHOUHUI139FEN;2LEIWENJUANYOUXIANGZHENGANBU、CUNGANBUHUOQIYE、GETIGONGSHANGHUHEGUIMONONGHUJINGYINGZHE(YIXIAJIANCHENG2LEIDIAOYANDUIXIANG)TIANXIE,GONGSHOUHUI141FEN。

1、XIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEDENGXIANGGUANZHENGCEZAINONGCUNDEZHIXIAODUJIAOGAO。ZAISUOYOUDEDIAOYANDUIXIANGZHONG,YOU212RENTINGSHUOGUO《GUOWUYUANGUANYUCUJINXIANGCUNCHANYEZHENXINGDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》HUO《NONGYENONGCUNBUGUANYUSHISHINONGCUNYIERSANCHANYERONGHEFAZHANTUIJINXINGDONGDETONGZHI》DENGXIANGGUANZHENGCE,ZHANDIAOYANZONGRENSHUDE75.7%。

2、XIANGCUNCHANYEFAZHANXINGWANG,LEIXINGDUOYANG。ZAIDIAOYANZHONG,DABUFENCUNLIDOUYOUYIDINGSHULIANGDECHANYE,YOU71.6%DE2LEIDIAOYANDUIXIANGBIAOMINGBENCUNYOU1-10GEQIYE、GETIGONGSHANGHUHUOGUIMONONGHU。CONGCHANYELEIXINGKAN,82.3%DE2LEIDIAOYANDUIXIANGCUNLIYOUZHONGZHIGUIMOHU,70.2%DE2LEIDIAOYANDUIXIANGCUNLIYOUYANGZHIGUIMOHU(DUOXUAN),DUOSHUYIZHONGZHICHANYEWEIZHU,YOUDECUNHAIYOUNONGCHANPINJIAGONGYE、WULIULIUTONGYE、XIANGCUNXIUXIANLVYOUYEDENGDUOYETAIDEXIANGCUNCHANYE。

3、ZAIDUI139WEICUNMINDEDIAOYANZHONG,DUIDANGQIANCONGSHIGONGZUOFEICHANGMANYI、JIBENMANYIDEFENBIEZHANCUNMINZONGSHUDE34.5%、59.7%。DUIDANGQIANGONGZUOBUMANYIDECUNMINZHAN5.8%,BUMANYIDEZHUYAOYUANYINSHIGONGZUOQIANGDUJIAODA(DUOXUAN)。

4、ZIJINBUZUSHICUNMINCHUANGYEDEZHUYAONANTI。41.7%DECUNMINKAOLVGUOZIJICHUANGYE,DANSHIYINWEIZIJINBUZU、CHUANGYEHUANJINGBUHAODENGYUANYINMEIYOUCHUANGYE,QIZHONG72.4%DECUNMINDOUCUNZAIZIJINBUZUDEWENTI(DUOXUAN)。

二、乡村产业发展主要成效

(一)产业规模化经营效益初显

火狐体育手机官网GEXIANGZHENPUBIANTUIXING“QIYE(JIDI)+HEZUOSHE+NONGHU”DECHANYEFAZHANMOSHI,HUOZHETONGGUOTUDILIUZHUANJIANGTUDIJIZHONGQILAIWEITUOQIYETONGYIJINXINGBIAOZHUNHUA、GUIMOHUA、CHANYEHUASHENGCHANJINGYING,HUOZHESHIQIYEWEIRUSHENONGHUTIGONGJISHUZHIDAOBANGFU,CHANPINSHOUHUOHOUBAOXIAODEDINGDANNONGYE,SHIDEDANGDICHANYECENGCIYOULEJIAOMINGXIANDETISHENG,NONGYEXIANDAIHUASHUIPINGXUNSUTIGAO。

火狐体育手机官网LONGANXIANJINSUIGONGSIDUISUOYOUSHEYUANDENONGFUCHANPINYANGEZHIXING“WUTONGYI”: TONGYISHENGCHANJISHUGUICHENG、TONGYINONGZIWUPINGONGYING、TONGYICHANPINZHILIANG、TONGYIPINPAIBAOZHUANG、TONGYISHICHANGXIAOSHOU,SHIXINGCONG“TUDIDAOSHICHANG”DEQUANCHENGZHILIANGGUANLIHEJIANKONG,SUOYOUSHENGCHANJIDIQUANBUCAIYONGYISELIENAITEFEIMUGONGSIDEQUANZIDONGDIGUANJISHU,SHIXINGSHUIFEIYITIHUASHIFEIPENGUAN,GAIJISHUBICHUANTONGRENGONGPENGUANJIESHENGYONGSHI10TIAN,JIESHENGYONGSHUI60%,JIESHENGFEILIAO30%。TONGSHIJIDIPEIBEIBIAOZHUNHUACAISHOULIUSHUIXIAN,QUANBUCAIYONGWUSUNSHANGCAISHOUYUNSHUHELIUSHUIXIANSHANGPINHUACHULIJISHU,QUEBAOXIANGUOPINZHI,SHULILEHUOLONGGUOZHONGZHIDEXINGYEBIAOGAN。MUQIANHEZUOSHEDEHUOLONGGUOSHENGCHANJIDIMEINIANSHENGCHANYOUZHIHUOLONGGUO800WANJIN,NIANCHANZHIDA3000DUOWANYUAN,ZHIJIEHUIJIRENKOU1200DUOREN,QIZHONGPINKUNHU57REN,FUSHEDAIDONGLANGWANCUN、NEITONGSHEQU、NEIYUANCUN、DINGJIANGCUN、NEIMENCUN、FANGCUN、GUTANXIANGDENGCUNTUNRENKOUCHAOGUO1.5WANREN。

(二)社会化经营体系不断发展壮大

YITUOLONGTOUQIYEJIJUZUOYONG,GELEIXINGHEZUOSHEXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIBUDUANYONGXIAN。BINYANGXIANGULAZHENWEIRAO3JIALIANGSHIZHONGZHILONGTOUQIYE,30DUOJIADAMIJIAGONGQIYE,DALIFUCHIGELEIXINGDENONGYEKEJI、NONGYEZHUANYEHUA、SHEHUIHUAHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGDUIWU,YANSHENGCHUJISHUZIXUNHEPEIXUN,ZHUANYEYUYANG、DAIGENGDAISHOU、TONGFANGTONGZHI、HONGGANCHUZANG、DAOGUJIAGONG、CHANPINZHANSHIJILIANGSHIYINXINGDENGYITIAOLONGDENONGYEZONGHEHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGZHONGXIN,CHUBUXINGCHENGGONGYIXINGHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGYUJINGYINGXINGHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGXIANGJIEHE、ZHUANXIANGHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGYUZONGHEHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGXIANGXIEDIAODEXINXINGNONGYEZONGHEHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGTIXI。

(三)产业融合发展初显成效

YILONGTOUQIYE、JIDI、NONGHUWEIRONGHEDIAN,YICHANYELIANTIAOJIAZHILIANTIAOYANSHENTUOZHANWEIRONGHEXIAN,YICHANYEYUANQUHECHANYEJUJIQUWEIRONGHEMIAN,YIDAZHONGXIAOCHANYEHUALIANHETIWEIRONGHETI,WEIRAO“ZUOYOUYICHAN、ZUOQIANGERCHAN、ZUOHUOSANCHAN”DEMUBIAO,WOSHIXIANGCUNCHANYERONGHEZHUTIBUDUANZHUANGDA、RONGHEYETAIFENGFUDUOYANG,RONGHEMOSHICHIXUCHUANGXIN、RONGHEJIZHIGENGJIADUOYUAN。

YICHANRONGHEERCHAN,PEIYUNONGCHANPINJINGSHENJIAGONGYE。BINYANGXIANYINJINMUYUAN、HAIDA、YITUNDENGSHENGZHUYANGZHILONGTOUQIYE,MUQIANZHENGDAZAOBAOKUOGAOXIAONONGYE、SILIAOJIAGONG、SHENGZHUYANGZHI、TUZAIJIAGONGDENGHEXINXIANGMUZAINEIDESHENGZHUYANGZHIQUANCHANYELIAN,CUJINSHENGZHUCHANYELIANSHANG、XIAYOULINGYUYANSHENHETUOZHAN。

火狐体育手机官网YICHANYANSHENSANCHAN,TUOZHANXIANGCUNLVYOUYETAI。BINYANGXIAN“PINLVLIUXIANG”SHENGTAIXIUXIANNONGYESHIFANQUTONGGUOYOUJIGUOSHUZHONGZHIDAIDONGLVYOUJINGYING,CONG2015NIANHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGCHUQIDAO2020NIAN,SHIXIANCHANZHI3000DUOWANYUAN、LISHUI1000DUOWANYUAN,WANCHENGSHUISHOU150DUOWANYUAN,NIANJUNJIEDAIDAOYUANQUJINXINGKEYANKAOCHA、GUANGUANGLVYOUDERENSHUDA30WANRENCI,ZHIJIEXINALAODONGJIUYERENSHU5000RENCI。

(四)农民生活持续向好

火狐体育手机官网ZIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVESHISHIYILAI,GUOJIACHUTAILEYIXILIECUJINCHANYEFAZHANDEZHENGCE,XIANGCUNCHANYEHUOLIHUANFA,DAIDONGNONGMINSHENGHUOCHIXUXIANGHAO。YISHITIGONGGENGDUOJIUYEJIHUI,ZAITANJIXIANGCUNCHANYEFAZHANWEICUNLIDAILAINAXIEBIANHUASHI,YOU53.2%DECUNMINHE78%DEGANBU、QIYE、GETIGONGSHANGHUHEGUIMONONGHURENWEIXIANGCUNCHANYEWEICUNLITIGONGLEGENGDUODEJIUYEJIHUI。ERSHICUJINNONGMINSHOURUZENGZHANG,2019NIAN,YOU47.4%DECUNMINRENJUNSHOURUGUOWANYUAN。YU2017NIANXIANGBI,DADUOSHUCUNMINRENJUNSHOURUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEZENGZHANG,QIZHONGZENGFUZAI1%-20%ZHIJIANJIAODUO,ZHANCUNMINZONGSHUDE57.6%。SANSHIGAIBIANXIANGCUNFENGMAO,DIAOYANJIEGUOXIANSHI,YOU33.8%DECUNMINHE33.3%DEGANBU、QIYE、GETIGONGSHANGHUHEGUIMONONGHURENWEIXIANGCUNCHANYEFAZHANWANSHANLECUNLIDEDAOLUDENGJICHUSHESHI,NONGCUNGONGLULUWANGJIEGOUBUDUANWANSHAN,GONGLULUKUANGSHUIPINGZHUNIANTISHENG,CUNRONGCUNMAO、HUANJINGWEISHENGFANGMIANYEYOUHENDATISHENG。

三、当前乡村产业发展存在的问题和困难

(一)基础设施仍比较薄弱,产业发展缺少支撑

JINJINIAN,CONG“SIHAONONGCUNLU”HUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANG、NONGCUNYINSHUIANQUANGONGGUTISHENGGONGCHENG、CUNCUNTONGGUANGXIANGONGCHENGNONGCUN、ZAIDAO“SANQINGSANCHAI”HUANJINGZHENGZHI、“SIWEI”JINGGUANJINXINGZHENGZHI、NONGCUNCESUOGEMINGDENGDENG,WOSHIXIANGCUNJICHUSHESHIDEDAOLEHENDADEGAISHAN。DANSHINONGCUNJICHUSHESHIZONGTISHANGRENGRANBORUO,“WUWANG”JICHUSHESHIBUWANSHAN、JICHUHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGCHENGBENJIAOGAO、KUNNANJIAOZHONG,LAJI、WUSHUICHULIWENTITUCHU。ZAIDIAOYANDE6GEXIANGZHENZHONG,RENGYOU3GEXIANGZHENDOUTIDAOLEZHEN、CUNYIJIJICHUSHESHIRENGBIJIAOLUOHOUDEWENTI。CIWAI,JICHUSHESHIHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGQUYUBUJUNHENG,PINKUNXIANHEFEIPINKUNXIAN,PINKUNCUNHEFEIPINKUNCUNZHIJIANCHAYIJIAODA,BUFENTUDIZIYUANJUYOUYOUSHIDEXIANGZHENYOUYUSHUILISHESHI、PAIWUSHESHIDENGYINGJIANGENBUSHANG,ZIYUANYOUSHIWEINENGZHUANHUAWEICHANYEFAZHANYOUSHI。

(二)产业发展水平较低,质量仍有待提高

YISHINONGCUNCHANYEFAZHANMOSHIXIANGDUIDANYI,DADUOSHIDIYICHANYESHENGCHANNONGCHANPIN,ZHIJIESHURUSHICHANG,CHANYETONGZHIHUAXIANXIANGBIJIAODUO,HENRONGYIXINGCHENGTONGYEJINGZHENG,SHICHANGFENGXIANJIADA。ERSHICHANYEFAZHANDEJICHUBORUO,GUIMOBIJIAOXIAO,ZENGDIANKUOMIANJIAONAN,JINGXIHUACHENGDUHAIBUGAO,SHIFAN、FUSHEHEDAIDONGNENGLIBUGOUQIANG,WUFAMANZUJIAGONGQIYEDESHENGCHANXUYAO。SANSHICHANYELIANBIJIAODUAN,RONGHEFAZHANBUZU、FUJIAZHIBIJIAODIDEWENTIHAISHIBIJIAOTUCHU,ZAINONGCHANPINJINGSHENJIAGONG、YINSHIHUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGYE、XIUXIANGUANGUANG、SHENGTAILVYOUYEDENGERSANCHANYEDEYANSHENRENGYOUJIAODATUOZHANKONGJIAN。

(三)品牌的知名度不高,综合效益亟待提升

火狐体育手机官网MUQIAN,NONGHUDUIYUCHANPINXIAOSHOUZHUYAOTONGGUOSHANGFANSHANGMENSHOUSHOUWEIZHU,ZHUDONGSHANGSHICHANGHUOYOUNONGYEZHUANYEHEZUOSHE、GONGSISHOUGOUDENGFANGSHIJIAOSHAO,YINGYONG“HULIANWANG+”、“HEZUOSHE+NONGHU”、“DIANSHANGPINGTAI+NONGHU”、“JINRONGXINGYE+NONGHU”DENGXINXINGXIAOSHOUDEGENGSHAO,XIAOSHOUQUDAOXIAZHAI。ZAIDIAOYANZHONG,YOU45.4%DEGANBU、QIYE、GETIGONGSHANGHUHEGUIMONONGHURENWEIXIANGCUNCHANYEFAZHANCUNZAI“SHICHANGGUIMOYOUXIAN,XIAOLUNANYIDAKAI”DEWENTI,YOU35.5%RENWEICUNZAI“QUEFAPINPAIXIAOYING”DEWENTI(DUOXUAN)。DIFANGZHENGFUHEQIYEPUBIANGANDAODUIRUHETIGAOPINPAIYINGXIANGLI,TUOKUANCHANPINXIAOSHOUQUDAO,CHUANGZAOGENGDUODEXIANSHANGXIAOSHOUPINGTAI,TISHENGCHANPINDEZHIMINGDUHEYINGXIANGLI,QUEFABIYAODEZIYUANHEPINPAIBAOZHUANGJINGYAN,PINPAIZONGHEXIAOYIHAIWEINENGTIXIAN。RUBINYANGXIANGULAXIANGMIHUODELEGUOJIADILIBIAOZHI,GULAZHENYITUOLIANGSHISHENGCHANDAZAO“BIAOZHUNHUAZHONGZHI—JINGSHENJIAGONG—XIAOSHOUQUDAO—PINPAIDAZAO—XIUXIANNONGLV”XIANGMICHANYELIAN,XIANHOUCHUANGLILE“JIUQIXIANG”DENG30DUOGEXIANGMIPINPAI,CHANPINXIAOWANGQUNEIWAIGEDACHENGSHI,DANZHEIXIEXIANGMIPINPAIZAIBENXIANDEZHIMINGDUDOUBUGAO,GENGBUYONGSHUOCHENGWEIQUYUXING,QUANGUOXINGDEZHIMINGPINPAI,CHANPINDEFUJIAZHIHAIYOUDAIJINYIBUWAJUE。

(四)农民主体意识不强,观念亟待改变

《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUOWUYUANGUANYUSHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVEDEYIJIAN》ZHICHU,YAOJIANCHINONGMINZHUTIDIWEI,CHONGFENZUNZHONGNONGMINYIYUAN,QIESHIFAHUINONGMINZAIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHONGDEZHUTIZUOYONG,DIAODONGYIWANNONGMINDEJIJIXING、ZHUDONGXING、CHUANGZAOXING。ZAIDIAOYANZHONGFAXIANCUNZAIYIXIAKUNNAN: YISHIXIANGCUNRENCAIJINQUE。MUQIAN,NONGCUNDEQINGZHUANGNIANJIBENSHANGXUANZEWAICHUDAGONG,DIAOYANJIEGUOXIANSHI,YOU35.3%DECUNMINJIATINGZHUYAOJINGJILAIYUANSHIKAOWAICHUDAGONG,LIUZAINONGCUNGENGZUODEDADUOSHILAORENJIFUNV,YOUYUNONGMINWENHUASUZHIJIAODI,XINPINZHONGXINJISHUNANYIXUNSUZHUANHUAWEIXIANSHISHENGCHANLI。ERSHIBUFENCUNMIN“DENG”“KAO”“YAO”DESIXIANGBIJIAOYANZHONG。YIXIECHANYEXIANGMUZHENGFU、GONGSITOUQIANJIUGAN,BUTOUQIANJIUBUGAN,YOUFENGXIANDEBUGAN,HANLAOBAOSHOUDEJIUGAN,CUNMINZHURENWENGYISHIBUQIANG,“SHANGTOURE,XIATOULIANG”,CUNZAISIXIANGDUOXING,GANSHICHUANGYEJINGSHENBUZU。SANSHINONGMINDEHEZUOYISHIBUQIANG。BUFENNONGMINZAIGUIMOHUAXIANGMUTUDIZHENGHESHANGSIXIANGBUJIEFANG、XINGDONGBUPEIHE,CUNZAIGEZIWEIZHENGSHENZHIYOUYIDOUQIDEQINGKUANG。

四、对策及建议

JINYIBUJIEFANGSIXIANG、GAIGECHUANGXIN、KUODAKAIFANG、DANDANGSHIGAN,ANZHAO“QIANGERYANGSANYOUYI”YAOQIU,QUANMIANLUOSHIQIANGSHOUFUZHANLVE,JIAKUAIXIANGCUNCHANYEKUODAGUIMO,TIGAOZHILIANG,ZENGJIAXIAOYI。

(一)增加有效投资,提高基础设施火狐体育手机官网水平

WANSHANNONGCUNDAOLUJIAOTONGWANG,QUEBAOWUZISHENGCHANLIUTONG;YAOWANSHANNONGLINSHUILISHESHI,JIAQIANGNONGTIANGAIZAO,GAISHANNONGYESHENGCHANDEGUANGAITIAOJIAN,JIANSHAOYINJIDUANQIHOU,ZIRANZAIHAIDUINONGYESHENGCHANDAILAIDESHANGHAI,CUJINWENCHANGAOCHAN。ZENGSHEWUSHUICHULIDESHESHI,TUOSHANCHULINONGYESHENGCHANDAILAIDEHUANJINGWENTI,GAISHANRENJUHUANJING,TISHENGFAZHANXIUXIANNONGYE、GUANGUANGLVYOUDEGELEIYINGJIANSHESHI。WANSHANJIAGONGJIJUQU、CANGCHUWULIUYUANDEPEITAOSHESHI,RUANQUANCHUCUNTIAOJIAN,HENGWENCHUCUNSHESHI。

(二)持续推动乡村产业提质升级

火狐体育手机官网YISHITUIDONGXIANDAITESENONGYECHANYEYUANZENGDIANKUOMIAN。GENJUGEXIAN(SHI、QU)JINGNEIQUWEI、CHANYEHEZIYUANBINGFU,ANZHAOCHAYIHUA、GUIMOHUA、BIAOZHUNHUA、JIYUEHUAFAZHANFANGXIANG,YINDIZHIYI,KEXUEGUIHUABUJU,HUOHUTIYUSHOUJIGUANWANGGEJUTESEDEXIANDAINONGYESHIFANYUANQU,JIXUDAZAOZIZHIQUJI、SHIJISHIFANQU。ERSHIJIANCHIQUANCHANYELIANFAZHANDAOXIANG。WEIRAOQUANSHIZHONGDIANGUIHUAFAZHANDEYOUZHILIANGSHI、TANGLIAOZHE、SHUCAI、SHUIGUO、MOLIHUA、JIANSICHOU、SHENGZHU、YOUZHIJIAQIN、SHUICHANDENG9DANONGYECHANYE,ZHENGHEQUANSHIDEYICHAN、ERCHAN、SANCHANZIYUAN,DAZAOFUSHEQUYUGENGGUANGDEQUANCHANYELIAN。

(三)持续进行南宁农业品牌营销

火狐体育手机官网JIEJIANQUNEIWAI“LIUZHOULUOSIFEN”、“QINZHOUJIUMEI”DEYINGXIAOJINGYAN,PINQINGYIXIEYOUJINGYANDEYINGXIAOTUANDUI,GUANGFANLIYONGGEZHONGXINMEITI、DIANSHANGPINGTAI,JIZHONGGEZHONGZIYUAN,ZHONGDIANGUIHUA、DAZAOJIGEZHIMINGPINPAI,ZHENGQUKUODAWOSHIBENTUPINPAIDEQUYUYINGXIANGLIHEMEIYUDU。

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